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IFAS# FA-10

Enteric Septicemia Of Catfish

Ruth Francis-Floyd


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Enteric Septicemia of Catfish (ESC) is a bacterial disease of channel catfish caused by the bacterium Edwardsiella ictaluri . It causes substantial financial loss to catfish farmers. The disease is seasonal, generally occurring during the spring and fall when water temperatures range from 72F (22C) to 82F (28C). Experienced fish farmers learn to recognize this disease because early treatment of infected fish is essential for a successful outcome. Fortunately, the signs of ESC are distinctive, and with a little practice most farmers should be able to determine when their fish are infected. 
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