Aquatic Information Center



SRAC# 477

ESC - Enteric Septicemia of Catfish 

J.P. Hawke, R.M. Durborow, R.L. Thune and A.C. Camus

Opening Paragraph:

Enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC), caused by the gram negative bacterium Edwardsiella ictaluri, is one of the most important diseases of farm-raised channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). ESC accounts for approximately 30 percent of all disease cases submitted to fish diagnostic laboratories in the southeastern United States. In Mississippi, where channel catfish make up the majority of case submissions, it has been reported at frequencies as high as 47 percent of the yearly total. Economic losses to the catfish industry are in the millions of dollars yearly and continue to increase steadily with the growth of the industry.
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